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航空平台地磁矢量匹配导航算法研究进展

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作者:陈棣湘, 陈卓, 张琦, 潘孟春

作者单位:国防科技大学智能科学学院,湖南 长沙 410073


关键词:航空平台;地磁矢量;匹配导航算法;神经网络;模式识别


摘要:

航空地磁矢量导航技术因其具有自主、无源、可靠性强的优势,在卫星导航系统受到攻击等情况下可有效发挥替代作用,在军民用领域均具有极高的战略意义和应用价值。航空平台具有飞行速度快、短时间跨越地域广的特性,对地磁矢量测量与导航方法提出高精度和高可靠性等要求。该文梳理近年来航空地磁矢量导航系统的研究与发展现状,介绍地磁矢量导航的关键技术,重点对地磁矢量匹配导航算法的研究进展进行分析。针对现有算法存在的不足,提出进一步提升算法的精度和鲁棒性、发展基于机器学习的地磁矢量匹配导航方法、推动无人机等新型航空平台地磁矢量导航技术发展等后续研究方向,意在促进航空地磁矢量导航技术的进一步发展。


Research progress on geomagnetic vector matching navigation algorithms for aviation platforms
CHEN Dixiang, CHEN Zhuo, ZHANG Qi, PAN Mengchun
College of Intelligence Science and Technology, National University of Defense Technology,Changsha 410073, China
Abstract: Aviation geomagnetic vector navigation technology, due to its advantages of autonomy, passivity, and strong reliability, can effectively play a substitute role in situations such as satellite navigation systems being attacked. It has extremely high strategic significance and application value in both military and civilian fields. Aviation platforms have the characteristics of fast flight speed and short time crossing over wide areas, which puts forward high precision and reliability requirements for geomagnetic vector measurement and navigation methods. The research and development status of aviation geomagnetic vector navigation systems in recent years was reviewed in this article, the key technologies in geomagnetic vector navigation were introduced, and the geomagnetic matching navigation algorithms were analyzed in emphasis. Aiming to the shortcomings of the existed algorithms, some research directions such as the further improvements in accuracy and robustness,the navigation algorithms based on machine learning and the development of geomagnetic vector navigation technology for unmanned aerial vehicles were proposed, which intends to promote the further development of aviation geomagnetic vector navigation technology.
Keywords: aviation platform;geomagnetic vector;matching navigation algorithm;neural network;pattern recognition
2024, 50(5):1-10  收稿日期: 2023-11-29;收到修改稿日期: 2024-01-06
基金项目:
作者简介: 陈棣湘(1970-),男,湖南湘乡市人,教授,研究方向为装备测试计量技术及系统。
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