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首页> 《中国测试》期刊 >本期导读>桂林桃金娘果实挥发油活性成分及抗氧化活性分析

桂林桃金娘果实挥发油活性成分及抗氧化活性分析

98    2024-05-24

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作者:陶静1,2, 陈思1,2

作者单位:1. 鞍山师范学院化学与生命科学学院,辽宁 鞍山 114007;
2. 辽宁省天然产物活性分子开发及利用重点实验室,辽宁 鞍山 114007


关键词:桃金娘;果实;活性成分;挥发油;抗氧化活性


摘要:

该文研究桂林桃金娘果实挥发油最佳提取工艺、活性成分以及挥发油的抗氧化活性,以正交实验确定桂林桃金娘果实挥发油活性成分的最佳提取工艺,采用GC-MS对该挥发油活性成分进行分析,以紫外可见分光光度法测定活性成分对DPPH自由基和羟基自由基(·OH)的清除效率。结果表明桃金娘果实挥发油活性成分提取的最佳工艺条件为:料液比1∶5,提取温度85 ℃,提取时间5 h。从挥发油中共分离鉴定出35种组分,主要成分为D-柠檬烯、芳樟醇,2,6-二叔丁基-4-羟基-4-甲基环己-2,5-二烯-1-酮和反式石竹烯等。抗氧化性研究表明:桂林桃金娘果实挥发油具有较强的抗氧化活性,对DPPH自由基和羟基自由基(·OH)都具有较强的清除作用,清除率皆达到85%以上。其中,对DPPH自由基的清除能力要略强于对羟基自由基(·OH)的清除能力。桂林桃金娘果实挥发油具有较好的抗氧化活性和较高的药用开发价值。


Analysis of active ingredients and its antioxidant activity of volatile oil in Rhodomyrtus tomentosa fruits from Guilin
TAO Jing1,2, CHEN Si1,2
1. College of Chemistry and Life Sciences, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114007, China;
2. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Development and Utilization for Natural Products Active Molecules,Anshan 114007, China
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the optimized extraction condition, the chemical components and its antioxidant capacity of the active ingredients in volatile oil of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa fluits. Methods: The optimized condition for the extraction of the active ingredients was determined by orthogonal experiment. The chemical components of volatile oil were analyzed by GC-MS. The antioxidant capacity was explored by UV-vis absorption spectrum. Results: The optimal extraction condition for the volatile oil in Rhodomyrtus tomentosa fluits was listed as follows: Ratio of material to liquid 1∶5, the extraction temperature 85 ℃, and the extraction time 5 h. 35 kinds of chemical components were found from the volatile oil, mainly including D-limonene, linalool, 2,6-Di-tert- butyl-4-hydroxy-4-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-one and trans caryophyllene, etc. The volatile oil in Rhodomyrtus tomentosa fluits exhibited excellent scavenging capability for DPPH· and OH· with scavenging ratio over 85%, especially better scavenging effect for DPPH· than OH·. Conclusion: The volatile oil of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa fluits in Guilin possessed preeminent antioxidant capacity and potential utilization value for medicine development.
Keywords: Rhodomyrtus tomentosa;fruit;active ingredients;volatile oil;antioxidant activity
2024, 50(5):71-78  收稿日期: 2023-08-16;收到修改稿日期: 2023-10-25
基金项目: 辽宁省百千万人才工程项目(2019921009);辽宁省自然科学基金面上项目(201602001);鞍山师范学院校企合作项目 (PAN2018011)
作者简介: 陶静(1975-),女,湖南长沙市人,教授,硕士,主要从事天然产物提取及功能研究。
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