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ITER气体注入系统注入管线和气体流量控制阀特性研究

214    2024-05-24

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作者:谷正阳1, 赵宇轩1, 李波1, 李伟1, 夏志伟1, 邓博文2, 刘浩1, 宫伟祥1

作者单位:1. 核工业西南物理研究院,四川 成都 610041;
2. 北京七星华创流量计有限公司,北京 100176


关键词:国际热核聚变实验堆计划;气体注入系统;气体输运特性;质量流量控制阀


摘要:

为验证国际热核聚变实验堆计划(ITER)的气体注入系统(GIS)的设计是否能够满足装置运行的要求,以及为优化气体注入系统的气体加料控制模式提供直接而可靠的数据支撑。该研究在基于ITER GIS最终设计阶段提供的设计方案的基础上,在模拟实验平台上进行实验研究,该研究涉及燃料气体H2、D2以及杂质气体Ne、Ar、N2及其混合气体的注入特性,包括其供气压力、注入管线结构对响应时间的影响。实验结论证明,气体注入系统的设计可以满足ITER装置的运行要求,且实验数据为ITER装置的气体控制模式,尤其是实现杂质气体快速、精确的控制,从而保障ITER装置安全运行,提供有力的技术支持。


Characterization of injection line and gas flow controller of ITER gas injection system
GU Zhengyang1, ZHAO Yuxuan1, LI Bo1, LI Wei1, XIA Zhiwei1, DENG Bowen2, LIU Hao1, GONG Weixiang1
1. Southwestern Institute of Physics, Chengdu 610041, China;
2. Beijing Seven Stars Hua Chuang Flow Meter Co., Ltd., Beijing 100176, China
Abstract: In order to verify the compatibility of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Gas Injection System (GIS) design with operational requirements, and to provide accurate and reliable data for further optimization of its gas injection control mode. A simulation experimental platform based on the final design scheme of ITER GIS was conducted. This platform allows to study the injection characteristics of hydrogen (H2), deuterium (D2), neon (Ne), argon (Ar), nitrogen (N2), and their mixtures, including the effects of supply pressure and injection pipeline structure on response time. Experimental conclusions have proven that the GIS design can meet the operational requirements of the ITER device, and the experimental data provides strong technical support for the gas control mode of ITER, especially for the rapid and precise control of impurity gases, thus ensuring the safe operation of the ITER device.
Keywords: ITER;Gas Injection System;gas characteristic;mass flow controller
2024, 50(5):180-185  收稿日期: 2023-12-21;收到修改稿日期: 2024-03-25
基金项目:
作者简介: 谷正阳(1990-),男,四川绵阳市人,博士,研究方向为聚变实验装置的控制系统研究。
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